WASHINGTON – Aug. 21, 2014 – Existing-home sales increased in July to their highest annual pace of the year, and the ongoing decline in distressed sales reached an important milestone, according to the National Association of Realtors® (NAR).
Total existing home sales – completed transactions that include single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops – rose 2.4 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 5.15 million in July from a downwardly-revised 5.03 million in June. Sales are at the highest pace of 2014 and have risen four consecutive months, though they remain 4.3 percent below the 5.38 million-unit level from last July, which was the peak of 2013.
"The number of houses for sale is higher than a year ago and tamer price increases are giving prospective buyers less hesitation about entering the market," says NAR Chief Economist Lawrence Yun. "More people are buying homes compared to earlier in the year, and this trend should continue with interest rates remaining low and apartment rents on the rise." Yun says sales momentum is slowly building behind stronger job growth and improving inventory conditions.
Yun warns that affordability will likely decline in upcoming years.
"Although interest rates have fallen in recent months, median family incomes are still lagging behind price gains, and mortgage rates will inevitably rise with the upcoming changes in monetary policy," he says.
The median existing-home price for all housing types in July was $222,900, which is 4.9 percent above July 2013. This marks the 29th consecutive month of year-over-year price gains.
Total housing inventory at the end of July rose 3.5 percent to 2.37 million existing homes available for sale – a 5.5-month supply at the current sales pace. Unsold inventory is 5.8 percent higher than a year ago, when there were 2.24 million existing homes available for sale.
Distressed homes – foreclosures and short sales – accounted for 9 percent of July sales, down from 15 percent a year ago, and the first time they were in the single-digits since NAR started tracking the category in October 2008. Six percent of July sales were foreclosures and 3 percent were short sales. Foreclosures sold for an average discount of 20 percent below market value in July, while short sales were discounted 14 percent.
Yun says the deepest housing wounds suffered during the Great Recession are beginning to fully heal.
"To put it in perspective, distressed sales represented an average of 36 percent of sales during all of 2009," Yun says. "Fast-forward to today and rising home values are helping owners recover equity, and strong job creation is assisting those who may have fallen behind on their mortgage due to unemployment or underemployment."
All-cash sales in July were 29 percent of transactions, down from 32 percent in June and representing the lowest overall share since January 2013 (28 percent). Individual investors, who account for many cash sales, purchased 16 percent of homes in July, unchanged from last month and July 2013. Sixty-nine percent of investors paid cash in July.
According to Freddie Mac, the average commitment rate for a 30-year, conventional, fixed-rate mortgage fell for the third consecutive month to 4.13 percent in July from 4.16 percent in June. It's the lowest rate since June 2013 (4.07 percent).
The percent share of first-time buyers in July rose slightly for the second straight month to 29 percent (28 percent in June), but remains historically low.
NAR President Steve Brown notes that the new credit scoring calculation recently announced by Fair Isaac Corp., or FICO, will improve access to homeownership.
"NAR supports efforts to broaden access to credit for qualified homebuyers, especially those who have been shut out of the housing market or forced to pay higher interest rates because of flawed credit scores," Brown says. "A solid credit score is necessary to keep borrowing costs down."
The median time on market for all homes was 48 days in July, up from 44 days in June; it was 42 days in July 2013. Short sales were on the market for a median of 93 days in July, while foreclosures sold in 58 days and non-distressed homes typically took 45 days. Forty percent of homes sold in July were on the market for less than a month.
Single-family home sales increased 2.7 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.55 million in July from 4.43 million in June, but remain 4.2 percent below the 4.75 million pace a year ago. The median existing single-family home price was $223,900 in July, up 5.1 percent from July 2013.
Existing condominium and co-op sales remained unchanged in July from June at an annual rate of 600,000 units, and are 4.8 percent below the 630,000 unit pace a year ago. The median existing condo price was $215,000 in July, which is 3.3 percent higher than a year ago.
Regionally, July existing-home sales in the Northeast stayed at an annual rate of 640,000 for the second consecutive month and they're now 9.9 percent below a year ago. The median price in the Northeast was $273,600, an increase of 2.4 percent from July 2013.
In the Midwest, existing-home sales increased 1.7 percent to an annual level of 1.22 million in July, but they remain 4.7 percent below July 2013. The median price in the Midwest was $175,200, up 4.1 percent from a year ago.
Existing-home sales in the South rose 3.4 percent to an annual rate of 2.12 million in July, and they're now up slightly (0.5 percent) from July 2013. The median price in the South was $192,000, up 5.0 percent from a year ago.
Existing-home sales in the West climbed 2.6 percent to an annual rate of 1.17 million in July, but they remain 8.6 percent below a year ago. The median price in the West was $304,100, which is 6.3 percent above July 2013.
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